SLEEP APNEA TESTING
WHAT IS SLEEP APNEA?
Do you snore at night? Do you experience breathing pauses during sleep that cause you to wake up? Are you groggy during the day? If you answered yes to one or more of the above questions, chances are you have sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea is a potentially serious breathing disorder that affects people during sleep, usually without their knowledge.
There are three main types of sleep apnea, which are:
Obstructive sleep apnea: In obstructive sleep apnea, your upper airway becomes blocked by the tissue of your soft palate, throat or tongue.
Central sleep apnea: In central sleep apnea, your brain does not send signals to the muscles responsible for controlling breathing.
Complex sleep apnea syndrome: Complex Sleep apnea syndrome occurs when a person suffers from both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
The most common symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas include:
- Loud, irregular snoring, snorts or other unusual breathing sounds during sleep
- Long pauses in breathing during sleep
- Waking up with a dry mouth
- Morning headaches
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Changes in alertness
UNTREATED SLEEP APNEA CAN CAUSE SERIOUS HEALTH COMPLICATIONS INCLUDING:
- Increased risk of heart diseases
- High blood pressure and cholesterol levels
- Higher risk of having insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes
- Higher risk of automobile and workplace accidents
- Uncontrollable weight gain
- Deterioration of memory, alertness and coordination
CONFIRMING THE DIAGNOSIS OF SLEEP APNEA
Polysomnography, also known as a sleep study, is a number of tests done to diagnose sleep disorders. Polysomnography measures your brain wave activity, the oxygen level in your blood, heart and breathing rate, as well as eye and muscle movement during the study.
The doctor may ask you to undergo the following tests:
- Electroencephalogram to record brain activity
- Electromyogram to record muscle activity
- Electro-oculogram to record eye movements
- Electrocardiogram to record heart rate
- Nasal airflow sensor to record airflow
- Snore microphone to record snoring
If you or anyone you know is suffering from sleep apnea and would like a consultation with one of our Board Certified Physicians, please call Manhattan Medical Arts at 645-454-9000.