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can a uti affect your period

Can a UTI Affect Your Period?

Have you ever had an experience that made you wonder if the monthly occurrence of your periods and urinary tract infection (UTI) are connected? – UTI and period is an unexpected combination that might get you curious about your own body.

In today’s exploration, we will peek into the world of UTI and periods – understanding the ups and downs, figuring out remedies for relief, listing the preventive methods, and answering the question ‘Can a UTI Affect Your Period?’.

Join us as we discover this mystery and explain how these two aspects of women’s health come together.

What is a UTI?

A UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) is a prevalent bacterial infection that can affect any part of the urinary system – a system that comprises kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra; all working together to eliminate waste and excess fluids from the body. UTIs most commonly occur in the lower part of the urinary tract, involving the bladder and urethra.

Can a UTI Affect Your Period?

No, a urinary tract infection (UTI) is not known to directly affect or cause a delay in the menstrual cycle. However, the stress and discomfort that a UTI brings along could lead to hormonal imbalances, which can potentially affect the timing of periods.

If you’re concerned about a delay in your period, it is advised to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.

What Causes UTI in Women?

In order to practice timely prevention and opt for an appropriate treatment option, it is immensely important for you to understand and identify the cause of UTI. Here’s a list of the key factors contributing to UTIs in women:

  • Bacterial Entry: The most common cause of UTIs is the entry of bacteria into the urethra. Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria normally found in the digestive tract, is a frequent culprit.
  • Sexual Activity: Sexual intercourse can introduce bacteria into the urethra and increase the risk of UTIs.
  • Female Anatomy: The female anatomy plays a role in the higher incidence of UTIs. Women have a shorter urethra than men, making it easier for bacteria to travel from the outside into the bladder.
  • Menopause: Hormonal changes during menopause can affect the urinary tract. A decline in estrogen levels may lead to changes in the urinary tract lining, making it more vulnerable to infections.
  • Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Structural abnormalities in the urinary tract can create pockets where bacteria can be accumulated, increasing the risk of infection.
  • Use of Certain Contraceptives: Women using diaphragms for contraception may be at a higher risk of UTIs. Spermicides, often used in conjunction with diaphragms, can alter the bacterial balance in the genital area.
  • Urinary Retention: Incomplete emptying of the bladder, which can occur due to conditions like kidney stones or an enlarged prostate, may increase the risk of UTIs.

Symptoms of UTI Before Period

While UTIs are typically associated with urinary symptoms, the onset of symptoms of UTI before periods can be a unique occurrence. Here are the distinctive symptoms that women may encounter before their menstrual cycle, shedding light on the connection between UTI and periods.

  • Increased Frequency of Urination: Before your period, you might notice an increased urge to urinate. This increased frequency is a common premenstrual symptom, but when coupled with other UTI indicators, it warrants attention.
  • Burning Sensation or Discomfort: A burning sensation or discomfort during urination can be indicative of a UTI. When experienced in conjunction with premenstrual symptoms, it may signal a need for closer observation.
  • Cloudy or Foul-Smelling Urine: Changes in the appearance or odor of urine, such as cloudiness or a foul smell, can be red flags for a potential UTI. These signs may become more noticeable as your period approaches.
  • Lower Abdominal Pain or Discomfort: Premenstrual abdominal discomfort is common, but if it intensifies or is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, it may be associated with a UTI.
  • Back Pain: Some women may experience back pain as part of premenstrual symptoms. When this coincides with signs of a UTI, it requires careful consideration.

Can a UTI Cause Bleeding Like a Period?

While UTIs are not known to cause bleeding like a period, irritation of the urethra or bladder lining may lead to minor blood traces in the urine. If you experience significant bleeding, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional.

What Can Delay a Period?

There are various factors that can contribute to delayed periods, and understanding these influences is important for women who’re seeking insights into the workings of their menstrual cycle.

  • Stress: Increased stress levels can disrupt hormonal balance, particularly affecting the regularity of the menstrual cycle. Emotional stress, work pressure, or major life changes can contribute to delays.
  • Illness or Infection: An illness or infection can impact the body’s overall functioning, potentially affecting the hormonal signals responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Fluctuations in hormonal levels, often influenced by factors such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or thyroid disorders, can lead to irregularities in the menstrual cycle.
  • Extreme Exercise or Weight Loss: Intense physical activity or rapid weight loss can create hormonal imbalances, disrupting the regularity of menstrual cycles and causing delays.
  • Birth Control Methods: Some birth control methods, such as hormonal contraceptives or intrauterine devices (IUDs), can influence menstrual patterns. Changes in birth control methods or inconsistencies in usage may lead to delays.
  • Perimenopause: The transitional phase before menopause, known as perimenopause, can bring about irregular menstrual cycles and occasional delays due to declining hormone levels.
  • Certain Medications: Some medications, including certain antidepressants and antipsychotics, can affect hormonal balance and potentially lead to menstrual irregularities.

Remedies For UTI During Menstruation

Experiencing a urinary tract infection (UTI) during menstruation can compound discomfort, but there are proactive steps and remedies that can help you manage symptoms effectively.

  • Stay Hydrated: Consume ample water throughout the day. Herbal teas or diluted cranberry juice may provide additional benefits.
  • Change Menstrual Products Regularly: Use sanitary pads or tampons and change them at least every 4–6 hours, or more frequently if needed.
  • Opt for Showers Over Baths: Choose warm showers over baths to maintain cleanliness without increasing the risk of infection.
  • Urinate Before and After Sex: Make it a habit to urinate before and after intercourse to minimize the potential for bacterial introduction.
  • Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers: Take OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen as directed, following the guidance of a healthcare professional.
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet: Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Probiotic-rich foods, such as yogurt, may also contribute to a healthy gut flora.

Prevention From UTI

Understanding the causes of UTIs empowers women to take preventive measures:

  • Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water helps flush bacteria out of the urinary tract.
  • Urinate After Sex: Emptying the bladder after sexual activity can help eliminate any bacteria introduced during intercourse.
  • Wipe Properly: Wiping from front to back after using the toilet helps prevent the transfer of bacteria from the anus to the urethra.
  • Cranberry Products: Some studies suggest that cranberry products may help prevent UTIs by interfering with the adhesion of bacteria to the urinary tract walls.
  • Prompt Treatment: If symptoms of a UTI arise, seeking prompt medical treatment is essential to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys.

When Should I See a Doctor?

If you suspect a UTI, especially during your period, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly. Symptoms such as persistent pain, blood in urine, or fever warrant immediate attention.


Understanding the dynamics between UTIs and periods is essential for maintaining women’s health. At Manhattan Medical Arts, we prioritize your well-being.

If you ever face concerns about UTIs and periods, or any other concern related to women’s health – our expert team is here to provide compassionate care tailored to your needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you get a UTI while on your period?

Yes, it’s possible to get a UTI while on your period.

Why do I get UTIs on my period?

Menstrual blood and changes in pH during menstruation may create conditions conducive to UTI development.

Can a UTI affect your period, if untreated?

Untreated UTIs may cause stress on the body, potentially impacting hormonal balance and menstrual regularity.

How long can an infection delay a period?

The duration of a period delay due to infection varies; consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.

Will my period make my UTI worse?

Menstruation itself may not worsen a UTI, but the combination of symptoms can be uncomfortable. Proper hygiene and management are essential.

How to test for UTI when on your period?

You can still undergo a UTI test while on your period. Collect a clean midstream urine sample in a sterile container for analysis.

– Disclaimer –

This blog is for informational & educational purposes only, and does not intend to substitute any professional medical advice or consultation. For any health related concerns, please consult with your physician, or call 911.

Medically Reviewed

Last reviewed by Dr. Syra Hanif, M.D. on 12/13/2023

Learn more about our editorial process.

  • About The Author

    Dr. Syra Hanif M.D.

    Board Certified Primary Care Physician

Dr. Syra Hanif is a board-certified Primary Care Physician (PCP) dedicated to providing compassionate, patient-centered healthcare.

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