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Groin Pain (Male)


Groin pain is a kind of discomfort that occurs in the groin area i.e. the region where the upper thigh’s inside meets the abdomen. Discomfort in the testicles may occasionally extend to the groin, but this is not the same as testicular pain.

Discomfort in the groin region may be caused by a variety of medical disorders affecting different organs, including musculoskeletal discomfort and pain associated with the male reproductive system. Acute groin pain may occur suddenly, while chronic groin pain may develop gradually over time, depending on the source of the discomfort. A muscle or tendon injury in the leg may result in radiating discomfort to the groin.


Groin pain is a common complaint that can affect individuals of all ages. It is often associated with physical activities, sports injuries, and various underlying medical conditions. The prevalence of groin pain varies depending on the population, age, and the specific cause of the pain.


The most common cause of groin discomfort is a muscle, ligament or tendon strain, which occurs most often in athletes who participate in sports like soccer, hockey or football. Pain in the groin area may develop abruptly after an injury or slowly over many weeks or even months. Continued usage of the damaged region may exacerbate any existing discomfort in the groin muscle.

Less frequent reasons for pain in the groin area include hernia, bone injury or fracture, and kidney stones. While testicular discomfort and groin pain are distinct occurrences, groin pain may sometimes be caused by a problem with the testicles.

The medical conditions that may cause groin pain in men include:

  • Hernia: It may cause groin pain in males and occurs when fat or an intestinal loop passes through a weak point in the lower abdominal muscles. There may be a bulge or hump in the groin or scrotum. Approximately one-quarter of all men will have this issue at some point in their lives. An obstruction in the abdominal muscular wall caused by an obstruction in the gut or fat may completely shut off the blood flow to the area. It may lead to the following symptoms: pain or redness, difficulty in passing poop and nausea and vomiting.
  • Prostatitis: It is the infection or swelling that occurs in the prostate gland leading to pain in the groin area. It is often accompanied by difficult or painful urination.
  • Epididymitis: This condition is characterized by the swelling of the testicular tubes where sperms are stored. It results in pain in scrotum, milky discharge and painful urination.
  • Orchitis: It is the enlargement of one or both testicles that may lead to infertility issues in men. The same infection that causes epididymitis may also be responsible for orchitis. Both situations are possible to occur at the same moment. Orchitis is a condition that may be caused by the mumps virus.
  • Testicular torsion: It occurs when a testicle becomes twisted within the scrotum. You may feel as though you have been kicked in the groin. The twisting (torsion) of your testicle causes the blood supply to the testicle to be cut off. Your testicle may die if it is not medically untwisted immediately after being twisted. It occurs more often in adolescents.
  • Kidney Stones: These are small crystals that are formed in the kidney and, if not removed, may get stuck in the tubes leading to the bladder. The discomfort may be intolerable. It is most often seen on the back or belly, although it may also be present in the scrotum or around the penis’ tip. Surgery may be required if the stone is extremely large.
  • Kidney infection: It is typical for a bladder infection to extend to one or both kidneys and become chronic. Groin pain, frequent urination, and the presence of blood or pus in your urine are all signs that you have the condition. E. coli is the kind of bacterium that causes infection. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of kidney infections.


The groin pain symptoms can vary in intensity and presentation. Common symptoms include:

  1. Pain Location: Groin pain is typically felt in the region where the abdomen meets the upper thigh. It may be on one or both sides and can radiate down the leg.
  2. Pain Type: The pain may be described as sharp, aching, or burning and can be constant or intermittent.
  3. Aggravating Factors: Groin pain may worsen with certain movements, such as walking, running, or lifting objects.
  4. Additional Symptoms: Groin pain may be associated with swelling, tenderness, and muscle weakness in the affected area. It can also lead to reduced mobility.
  5. Specific Symptoms Based on Cause: The underlying cause of groin pain can lead to additional symptoms. For instance, hernias may present as a bulge in the groin, while hip conditions can cause referred pain to the groin area.


Diagnosing the cause of groin pain involves a thorough evaluation and may include the following steps:

  1. Medical History
  2. Physical Examination
  3. Imaging
  4. Blood Tests
  5. Joint Aspiration analyzed.
  6. Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) and Electromyography (EMG)


The groin pain treatment depends on the underlying cause. Here are some common treatment approaches:

  • Rest and Ice: For minor strains and injuries, rest and applying ice to the affected area can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as NSAIDs, may be recommended to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy exercises and stretches can help improve muscle strength, flexibility, and stability in the groin area.
  • Surgery: Surgical intervention may be necessary for conditions like hernias, certain hip disorders, or significant ligament or tendon injuries.
  • Supportive Measures: Wearing supportive garments like braces or compression wraps can provide relief in some cases.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Adjustments in activity level and proper warm-up routines can help prevent future groin pain, especially in athletes.
  • Management of Underlying Conditions: In cases where groin pain is a symptom of an underlying condition, such as arthritis or infection, treatment will focus on managing that specific condition.

It’s crucial to seek medical attention when experiencing persistent or severe groin pain, as this pain can be a sign of various medical conditions, including sports-related injuries, hernias, or hip disorders. A healthcare professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.

When To See A Doctor

Consult your doctor in case of experiencing any of the below symptoms:

  • Testicular discomfort that comes on suddenly or is very severe
  • Back, abdomen, or chest pain that radiates from the area
  • Fever, chills, and nausea

Schedule an appointment with the doctor. The groin pain is very severe, and it does not improve within a few days after being diagnosed. In case of the following symptoms, you need to see your doctor:

  • Testicles are swollen or have a bulge
  • Blood in urine


This information is intended for educational purposes only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. If you have concerns about groin pain or any other medical condition, please see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment suggestions.