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Excessive Sweating


Excessive sweating happens when you perspire more than you should in relation to the ambient temperature, your level of exercise, or your stress level. Excessive sweating may be caused by a variety of variables, including your surroundings, amount of exercise, and stress level. It may cause emotions of social anxiety and humiliation, as well as making everyday tasks difficult. It may occur all over your body or in particular regions such as your palms or soles of your feet, underarms, or cheeks. Primary focal hyperhidrosis is one of the most frequent causes of excessive sweating on the face and head. Individuals sweat more than their bodies need to function properly in this medical condition.

Excessive sweating has been linked to thyroid issues, diabetes, and another sickness. Furthermore, individuals who are overweight or out of shape are more prone to excessive sweating than those who are healthy.

Excessive sweating may be bothersome. However, several therapy methods may be able to offer some alleviation. Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition that causes persistent excessive sweating. It differs from other types of sweating, it may occur abruptly, for example, at lower temperatures or for no apparent cause.

Many individuals are afraid to bring up the issue with their doctor. However, the issue can be addressed after speaking with a healthcare professional. Your doctor will go through your medical history with you and do a thorough check to rule out any possible symptoms. Your doctor may want to know how often you experience symptoms and when they occur. There is no effective treatment for focal hyperhidrosis. The therapies are designed to relieve your symptoms while also enhancing your overall quality of life.The treatment for secondary hyperhidrosis is dependent on the underlying disease. Sweating may often be completely eradicated when the underlying cause of excessive sweating is recognized and addressed.


Excessive sweating, also known as hyperhidrosis, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can occur at any age and may impact both men and women. Primary hyperhidrosis, which is excessive sweating without an underlying medical cause, typically begins in childhood or adolescence and persists throughout life.


Excessive sweating without any underlying cause is known as primary hyperhidrosis. It is not induced by another medical condition. It occurs without being caused by a temperature increase or increased physical exertion. It may be inherited to some extent in certain individuals.

Untreated underlying medical problems cause secondary hyperhidrosis. Health conditions or diseases that can cause excessive sweating include:

  1. Diabetic hypoglycemia
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Infection
  4. Menopause
  5. Malaria
  6. Leukemia
  7. Neurologic disorders

Both primary and secondary hyperhidrosis leads to excessive armpit sweating.

Excessive sweating at night is also a frequent illness that affects both men and women. Medical conditions and illnesses that cause excessive sweating while sleeping are hormonal disorders, hypoglycemia, and neurological illnesses.

Sudden excessive sweating is mainly caused by anxiety and stress. When you are stressed, your nervous system regulates both the amount of perspiration you produce and the physical reaction your body has to that stress.

Excessive sweating in the groin area in females is due to menopause, which is characterized by fluctuating hormone levels. Other causes include low blood sugar levels and diabetes.

Excessive sweating in men is caused by low levels of testosterone. As you age, your body generates less testosterone, which may lead to excessive sweating. Another factor that may have an effect on testosterone production is injury. Medication, health problems, and drug abuse may also have an impact on testosterone production, which is associated with sweating in guys.

Night sweats in men are a frequent symptom of sleep apnea in males. Sleep apnea is a medical condition in which you stop breathing while sleeping. Males are more likely than females to have sleep apnea.

Anxiety or mental stress, standing for long periods of time throughout the day, and wearing shoes that are not sufficiently breathable are all potential excessive sweating causes. A high BMI may contribute to the development of this disease, which is often linked with an increase in sweat production.

The factors associated with excessive hand sweating include hot, humid weather, physical activity, mental stress, and panic episodes. Spicy meals may also have the potential to induce excessive perspiration.


The primary symptom of hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating that goes beyond what is necessary to regulate body temperature. The most common symptoms include:

  1. Profuse Sweating: Excessive sweating often affects the underarms, palms, soles of the feet, and face, leading to visible wetness and discomfort. 
  2. Frequent Sweat Episodes: People with hyperhidrosis may experience sweating episodes even when they are not engaged in physical activity or exposed to hot temperatures. 
  3. Interference with Daily Life: Excessive sweating can interfere with daily activities, affecting one’s confidence, clothing choices, and social interactions.


Diagnosing hyperhidrosis typically involves a comprehensive assessment, beginning with a detailed medical history in which the healthcare provider explores the patient’s sweating patterns, the specific areas affected, and how the condition impacts their daily life.

This is followed by a physical examination aimed at identifying areas of excessive sweating and any potential underlying causes. In certain cases, a minor starch-iodine test may be conducted, involving the application of iodine solution to the skin, followed by dusting with starch.

This test helps visualize the extent of sweating. Additionally, blood or sweat tests may be ordered to rule out any underlying medical conditions that might contribute to excessive sweating. These diagnostic steps are crucial for determining the extent and severity of hyperhidrosis and guiding the selection of appropriate treatment options tailored to the individual patient’s needs.


The excessive sweating treatment, or hyperhidrosis treatment, varies based on its severity and the impact it has on a patient’s life. There are several different approaches that are commonly used.

  • Topical antiperspirants containing aluminum chloride, whether over-the-counter or prescription-strength, can effectively reduce sweating when applied to affected areas. 
  • Iontophoresis involves the use of a device that delivers a low electrical current to areas like the hands or feet, temporarily blocking sweat glands. 
  • Botulinum Toxin (Botox) injections can provide temporary relief by blocking nerve signals that trigger sweating. 
  • In certain cases, oral medications, such as anticholinergics, may be prescribed to reduce sweating, although they may come with side effects. 
  • Microwave thermolysis, a minimally invasive procedure using microwave energy, can destroy sweat glands, offering long-term relief. 
  • Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy (ETS) surgery is also an option in severe cases when other treatments are proven ineffective, which involves the cutting or clamping of sympathetic nerves responsible for sweating, although it’s considered due to potential side effects.

When To See A Doctor

If excessive sweating is accompanied by symptoms such as dizziness, chest pain, or nausea, get medical attention as soon as possible.

If you have any of the following symptoms, you should see a doctor:

  • Perspiring more than normal
  • Sweating profusely, that disrupts the normal life
  • Waking up in the middle of the night with profuse sweating for no apparent cause
  • Suffer mental distress or social isolation because of sweating


This information is intended for educational purposes only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. If you have concerns about excessive sweating or any other medical condition, please see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment suggestions.